Resides: The Mission
Reason for being: To prove that design-savvy affordable housing is not an oxymoron
Extracurricular: Championing the S.F. Bike Coalition
Next: Erecting Archstone Potrero, a mixed-use residential building and one-acre public park slated for completion in 2015
8th + Howard/SOMA Studios
Studios and multifamily affordable housing, 2003
This curvaceous 162-unit development is the antithesis of the typical boxy gray housing complex. The apartments are built above a street-level organic market and an onsite day-care center and the grounds include a shared garden and a landscaped courtyard.
Studios for the formerly homeless, 2011
Built in the footprint of a collapsed freeway, this color-splashed building touts a green roof and mosaic-decked courtyard.
Onsite services include a work-training program, a counseling center, and a medical suite.
Indiana Industrial Lofts
Live-work lofts, 1999
All 18 units abut a central court, affording natural light and ventilation to the work spaces.
The long elevated "building block" layout maximizes views, while units facing Indiana Street have 8-by-14-foot doorways for loading work materials.
Residential units atop retail, 2015
This two-builiding development erects 468 apartments over 14,000 square feet of retail space. Daggett Street will become a one-acre public park, while a smaller community garden (a so-called pocket park) is planned for the end of Connecticut Street.
Live-work units, 2000
Minna Street, pictured here, is bordered by 20 street-level live-work lofts, while bustling Mission Street on the next block is lined with retail. The two complexes are joined by a three-level bridge over an open-air courtyard. The entire top floor is devoted to loft mezzanine units with generous skylights.
18th + Arkansas/g2 Lofts
Live-work artists' development, 1995
The 18th Street facade was reclaimed from an abandoned railroad tunnel. The nonprofit artists' community incorporates lofts, galleries, studios, and performance spaces. In back, private terraces overlook a sloping urban garden.
NOT FAR FROM city hall, past the mundane civic buildings and the blur of nondescript apartment houses that morph from white to gray to beige, it hits you. Pow! A blast of chartreuse, a slatted skin of saturated brown, a jigsaw of right-angled sun shades against a plane of bright white. Instead of a monolithic block, the structure is an orchestra of contrasting shapes and colors. Suddenly, it's exciting to be a pedestrian again.
And all this from a residential building for the formerly homeless. The year-old Richardson Apartments go beyond simply injecting a dose of color into the dour intersection of Fulton and Gough streets. They imbue the streetscape with qualities rarely associated with affordable housing: serendipity, expressiveness, artistry, jazz. What's more, the same phenomenon is happening all over the city, in the Fillmore, Bayview, and soon, Potrero Hill.
Call it the Bakerification of our urban environment. If one architect could be said to be changing the way we experience San Francisco today it would be David Baker, the 62-year-old veteran building who's made his name by rethinking the way we live. Instead of constructing the same old towers of concrete and steel, Baker has made his mark over the past 30 years by building low-rise residential complexes, from affordable apartments to market-rate condos, and by revamping or creating entire neighborhoods.
A devoted urbanist who gave up his car 11 years ago, Baker has a pedestrian-friendly approach that nudges residents, no matter who they may be, to engage with each other, the shops, the streets, and the community. The Richardson Apartments, for example, have a lounge, a program room, a courtyard, and a rooftop garden to encourage the formerly homeless residents to interact. Baker's insistence on storefronts is another hallmark of his ped-friendly style, as is the fact that his communities never include a gate or a mall.
The recently completed Armstrong Place (124 units for families) and nearby Armstrong Senior (116 units plus retail) are transforming Bayview in all these Bakeresque ways. The cool contemporary buildings add an architectural gloss to an area populated by decaying industrial sites, housing projects, and modest single-family homes. Beautifully landscaped courtyards encourage get-togethers, and street-level shops provide much-needed retail in a notoriously marginalized neighborhood that got its first supermarket just last year. Neighborhoods stay safe and vital, the thinking goes, when residents connect with each other and the community at large.
On a national level, Baker's insistence that housing for the poor, elderly, and the homeless can be colorful, exuberant, sustainable, and life-changing has made him a trailblazer in burying the stigma of the "the projects." Three decades ago, as he was designing his first San Francisco complex, an affordable housing development, fellow architects phoned the mayor's office to demand that he be fired. Their gripe: Baker's plans deviated too far from the inoffensive (some might say prisonlike) apartment blocks that epitomized such housing. Instead, Baker's Holloway Terrace in Ingleside offered townhomes with tile roofs and stucco exteriors that harmonized with the neighborhood's single-family homes.
Baker describes his approach in practically religious terms: "a virtuous circle" that creates wins for everybody involved, from residents who are empowered by living in a vibrant environment to neighbors whose property values are lifted by the rising tide. A testament to that thinking: David Baker + Partners just broke ground on a market-rate 63-unit condo complex across from the Richardson Apartments.
The beauty of Baker's buildings, and the reason they're seldom opposed anymore, or tagged with graffiti in tougher neighborhoods, is that they blend in while standing out. "His work manages to be sensitive to context, to culture, and to the particular neighborhood, but also to have a very strong and exciting style," says Dan Adams, a director of program development in the Mayor's Office of Housing, an architect himself, and a resident of a Baker-designed market-rate complex in Oakland.
"David passionately believes that urban places need to be better, and he wants to participate in doing that. He really walks the walk," says Rick Holliday, a founder of Bridge Housing. Holliday hired Baker to create Holloway Terrace and is now a developer of market-rate housing, some of which Baker has designed.
Next up for Baker: Archstone Potrero, a new neighborhood on the border of Potrero Hill and Mission Bay that will provide almost 500 units, along with a one-acre public park that is expected to add new vitality to the former "brownfield" (industrial) site. (Baker jokes that it's a "landscraper" compared to Frank Gehry's 8 Spruce Street in Manhattan, the tallest residential tower in the Americas.) The project is slated for completion in 2015, and so far there has been no significant opposition. One thing's for sure: No one will be calling the mayor's office to complain about how it looks.
Originally published in the December 2012 issue of San Francisco.
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